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How The Eye Works

Anatomy of the Eye

The eye is a complex sensory organ specialized for the gathering of visual information and gives us the sense of sight, allowing us to learn more about the world than do any of our other five senses.

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An estimated 1.4 million children are blind, 320,000 of whom live in sub-Saharan Africa.

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Myth: Using a nightlight in your child's room will contribute to nearsightedness.

Fact: There is not enough evidence to support this claim. Keeping a nightlight on in your baby's room may actually help them learn to focus and develop important eye coordination skills when they are awake.

Myth: An eye examination is necessary only if you are having eye problems.

Fact: Everyone should follow proper eye care, including regular eye exams, whether or not you're having any noticeable signs of problems. For adults, the frequency depends on your doctor's advice and may be every two years or more often. If you have diabetes or an eye disease, you should have a comprehensive eye exam every year.

Myth: Wearing eyeglasses that are too strong or have the wrong prescription will damage the eyes.

Fact: Eyeglasses change the light rays that the eye receives. They do not change any part of the eye itself. Wearing glasses that are too strong or otherwise wrong for the eyes cannot harm an adult's vision, although it might result in a temporary headache.

Class Adopts Armenian School

For the second year in a row, Mariam Samoniantz’s 9th grade homeroom class at Mesrobian School emptied spare change from pockets, purses, and wallets into a large jar each day for three months to provide eye screenings and eye heath education for their peers around the globe at Yerevan School No. 105. “I felt good knowing that my small change benefited another Armenian in a significant way,” said 9th grader Nora Gourdikian.

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2010 – Blindness by gender:
55% Female, 34% Male

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Eye Professionals

An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who is qualified by lengthy medical education, training and experience to diagnose, treat and manage all eye and visual system problems, and is licensed by a state regulatory board to practice medicine and surgery.

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