Natural Resources

Because of its mountainous landscape, Armenia’s natural resources include a long list of minerals such as gold, iron, silver, copper, molybdenum, zinc, lead, aluminum and other hard-to-find metals — to name just a few. In fact, Armenia was one of the first regions where humans smelted iron, though, today, more importance is put on mining copper instead.

Armenia is also rich in mineral water, with towns like Jermuk, Dilijan, Arzni, Hankavan and Sevan known internationally for their highly regarded waters that are believed even to have healing properties.

Oil deposits in Armenia have also been found, but due to the complicated geology of the region, obtaining the resource for export purposes is both extremely difficult and expensive.

The land in Armenia consists of 24 percent permanent pastures, 17 percent arable land, 15 percent forests and woodland, 3 percent permanent crops, and 41 percent other types of land.

Because agricultural land is identified as land area that is arable, under permanent pastures and permanent crops, this means that nearly half of Armenia’s overall land (44 percent) is agricultural in nature.

Because of the significant amount of agricultural land in Armenia, many in the country rely on farming as a life source. Specific farming items include fruits (especially grapes), vegetables, minor livestock and grapes used to make brandy, wine and other liqueurs.