Flora & Fauna

The wide variety of climates in Armenia account for the wonderful variety of flora and fauna (plants and wildlife) that is seen at different times of the year throughout the country.

Many of the world’s bulbs originate in the Armenian Highland, and there is a wide variety of wild bulbs in the country. Springtime boasts the most color when it comes to flora, with long rows of red, yellow, pink, purple and blue hues popping up from the otherwise vibrant green landscape. Also during spring, rare flowers like Gladiolus atroviolaceus, Nigella oxypetala and Scilla armenia bloom in the Garni and Geghard Canyons of the country.

In addition to the wild flowers that come with spring, Armenia’s varied climate also contributes to the vast array of its other plant life. Colorful flora aside, the country is also home to desert plants, sub-tropical plants, and oak, beech and pine trees in forests.

Armenia contains twice as many soil types as European Russia and the climate, soil, and vegetation vary greatly throughout the country, which, in turn, leads to extraordinarily varied plant life in the region.

But Armenia’s flora isn’t the only thing that’s diverse about the country. Wildlife, or fauna, is equally assorted in Armenia due to the country’s many different habitats. Some wildlife in the country include wild boars, Caspian tigers, Persian leopards, wild goats, mountain cats, deer, various lizards and several different species of birds. In fact, about 350 different species of bird have been recorded in the country, many of them migrating and stopping in Armenia for a small period of time.

Armenia is also home to a high number of endangered animals as well, with reports suggesting that about 25 percent of all animals in Armenia are endangered internationally. Some endangered wildlife in Armenia include the Caucasian bear, Caucasian bearded goat, the Armenian wild sheep and the leopard.