Because of its high elevation and inland location, most of Armenia has a continental climate, despite it being latitudinally equivalent to Mediterranean countries, like Spain, Italy and Greece. The summers are very hot and the winters moderately cold, especially on the Ararat plain.
Summertime in the country typically lasts from June to around mid-September and is mostly dry and sunny, with temperatures ranging anywhere from 70-100°F. Despite these sometimes high temperatures, low humidity levels in the country make up for the hot summer sun. Even during the sunny season, refreshing breezes blow down Armenia’s mountains to cool its residents.
Winter time brings cold weather with lots of snow and temperatures sometimes ranging between 14-23°F. Spring time is short but filled with lively greens and various other bright colors, while autumns are long and usually bring vibrant fall foliage to the country.
Armenia’s distinct four seasons are due to the country’s various climates and ultimately depend on the absolute height of its land. Though mostly dry and continental, Armenia’s climate also varies to include a dry subtropical climate as well as a mountain tundra climate.
Armenia also has many microclimates, with some palm trees in parts of Karabakh. Rainfall varies significantly by location and elevation, from a mere 10 inches of rainfall a year in the lowlands and up to 21 inches of precipitation on mountain slopes.