Armenia’s ancient and complex heritage has played a decisive role in creating a distinct, national Armenian music and dance. Armenia’s music is unique in the region with some characteristic instruments of its own, which are often of a more formal variety.
An important part of Armenia’s rich artistic heritage is folk music, which is traditional and has a resonance characterized by a delicate structure and holds an important place in the life of the people today. Instruments like the duduk (wooden flute), dhol (double-headed drums), zurna (wind instrument) and kanun (string instrument) are all used in this traditional Armenian folk music.
Christianity, of course, also plays a big part of musical inspiration for the nation, with Armenian chants being the most common form of religious music in Armenia. Pop music also takes up a space in the vast landscape of Armenian music, with a particular emphasis on “kef”-style — or “party”-style — music.
Armenian dance, too, is a reflection of the rich fabric of Armenian culture and is accompanied by traditional or contemporary music. Folk dances are perhaps the most traditional form of dancing in Armenian culture, accompanied always by folk music and with traditional Armenian costumes worn by dancers. These dances are usually performed in groups with a unique combination of soft, flowing movements and sharp, energetic gestures, depending on the song and dance.